By Matthew Knott. Sydney Morning Herald. 20 December 2016.
Australians' satisfaction with democracy has collapsed to its lowest level since the Whitlam dismissal, according to a major study that shows the country in an increasingly dark and distrustful mood about politics and the economy.
The survey, conducted by the Australian National University, portrays a populace that is increasingly disdainful of government, lacks allegiance to the major political parties and has little trust in politicians' abilities to improve the country's economic performance.
The researchers who conducted the 12th Australian Election Study said the findings were a "wake-up call" that the conditions that led to recent political upheavals seen in Britain and the United States also exist here.
"Public satisfaction with our democratic processes and public trust in the politicians we elect are at some of the lowest levels ever recorded," lead researcher Ian McAllister said.
"You are seeing the stirrings among the public of what has has happened in the United States with the election of [Donald] Trump, Brexit in Britain and in Italy.
"This is the start of something that has happened overseas and it's coming here."
The study, based on interviews with 2818 people in the three months following the July poll, has been conducted after each election since 1987, with some issues tracked since 1969.
These 10 charts demonstrate the size of the problem:
1) Satisfaction with democracy
Australians have traditionally been among the most satisfied people in the world with their democracy but that is no longer the case. The proportion of Australians dissatisfied with democracy has soared to 40 per cent, up from 28 per cent after the 2013 election and just 14 per cent after the 2007 election. Only in 1979, when the figure hit 45 per cent, were Australians more dissatisfied with democracy.
2) Politicians know what ordinary people think
Australian politicians are increasingly viewed as out of touch with the concerns of voters. Fifty-two per cent of respondents said politicians don't know what ordinary people think, the highest result since this question was first asked in 2001.
3) Trust in government
Just 26 per cent of respondents said people in government can be trusted, the lowest level since this question was first asked in 1969. There has been a gradual decline in trust in government since 2007, when 43 per cent of people said they trusted the people running the country. By contrast, 74 per cent of respondents said they believe people in government look after themselves, the highest on record.
4) Who the government is run for
Just 12 per cent of Australians believe government is run for all the people, the equal-lowest on record. A striking 56 per cent of people think government is run for a few big interests, a dramatic increase on 38 per cent in 2007.
5) Interest in the election
The eight-week double dissolution election campaign failed to resonate with voters, with a mere 30 per cent saying they had a good deal of interest in the election. Sixty-five per cent of Australians said they cared a good deal who won the election, the second-lowest on record.
6) Watched the leaders' debate
Lack of interest in the election led Australians to turn off their TV screens during the campaign. Twenty-one per cent of respondents said they watched the leaders' debates - the lowest on record. This is significantly down on 32 per cent in 2013 and 47 per cent in 2010.
7) Voting volatility
Australian voters are becoming increasingly volatile and are willing to change their vote from one election to the next. Just 40 per cent of respondents said they always voted for the same party, down from 63 per cent in 1987. A record low 34 per cent of voters said they used how-to-vote cards and record low described themselves as Labor or Liberal partisans.
8) Feelings about political parties
Australians voters have never shown such dislike of the major political parties. On a scale of zero to 10 (zero being high dislike and 10 highly liked) respondents scored Labor a 4.9, the Liberal Party 4.8 and the Nationals 4.4.
9) Government's effect on economy
There is an increasingly pessimistic view about government's ability to influence the economy, a finding that helps explain Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's disappointing election result. Sixty-seven per cent of respondents think the government will have made no effect on the economy in a year's time, the highest on record. Just 13 per cent think the government will have a good effect on the economy, down from 33 per cent just three years ago. After the 2013 election 62 per cent of Coalition voters thought government would improve the economy; that plummeted to 25 per cent this year.
10) Immigration and asylum seeker policy
Although asylum seeker boats have stopped arriving in Australia, the issue has spiked to its highest level of importance to voters since the Tampa election of 2001. But other evidence shows Australian attitudes to migrants are softening. Forty per cent believe the number of migrants in Australia has gone too far, down from 52 per cent in 2010. More Australians support boat turnbacks than not, but support is at its lowest level on record.